Blue Ridge Tunnel: Hike Through a Historic Train Tunnel Under Rockfish Gap

I may have been the last person to complete the Blue Ridge Tunnel hike in Nelson County. My friend, RVA Hiker Girl, hiked this when it opened in November 2020.

For those who’ve yet to complete this 4.6-mile out-and-back hike through a historic railroad tunnel in Central Virginia, I’ve got what you need to know.

For starters, the tunnel is located under Rockfish Gap in the Blue Ridge Mountains. It’s minutes from the Rockfish Gap entrance at Shenandoah National Park.

The Blue Ridge Tunnel was built from 1850 to 1858 for the Blue Ridge Railroad. It was the longest railroad tunnel in the United States at 4,273 feet in length.

The tunnel was last used by the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway (later called CSX Transportation) in 1944. A new tunnel was built and this tunnel was abandoned.

CSX Transportation donated the Blue Ridge Tunnel to Nelson County in 2007. Restoration took place and the tunnel re-opened as a trail on November 21, 2020.

Trail Stats 
Length4.6 miles
Trail TypeOut-and-Back
Elevation Gain394 feet
Duration2-3 hours
TerrainMostly gravel
Driving DirectionsClick Here

Blue Ridge Tunnel Trail

There are two trailheads for this out-and-back hike on a mostly gravel path. The East Trailhead in Afton has a large parking area. Most hikers start from here.

The West Trailhead is located in Waynesboro, just off U.S. Route 250. This trailhead has a dozen or so parking spaces and all are parallel parking spaces.

Both trailheads have porta-potties. For this hike, I started at the East Trailhead for easy parking and a flat approach to the tunnel. More on this later in the post.

East Trailhead (Afton)

From the Blue Ridge Tunnel Trail parking area in Afton, stop at the large kiosk on the left marked “East Trailhead” for the history of the Blue Ridge Tunnel.

Before I go on, it’s worth noting that this tunnel is also referenced as the Crozet Tunnel Greenway and the Claudius Crozet Tunnel. These are all the same tunnel.

Continue on and you will see three blue porta-potties on the left-hand side of the trail. Another educational placard turns up on the right side of the tunnel trail.

On this hike, you will pass eight to ten placards on the history of the tunnel, including how it was built and what to know about chief engineer, Claudius Crozet.

As you walk, you’ll notice active railroad track to the left of the hiking trail. This is the re-route to the larger tunnel that replaced the Blue Ridge Tunnel in 1944.

Before you enter the tunnel at the .6-mile mark, you’ll see an award given to the Crozet Blue Ridge Tunnel as a National Historic Civil Engineering Landmark.

Because this is a tunnel, it will inevitably get dark and there is no lighting inside the tunnel. Be sure to bring a headlamp or a flashlight. It actually gets very dark.

It gets quite cool inside this tunnel in the Shenandoah Valley, too. You’ll walk .9-mile through Afton Mountain by way of the Blue Ridge Tunnel.

Note that as you enter the tunnel from the east, the entrance is more rocky. From the west, the entrance is a stone-lined arch crafted by expert Irish stonemasons.

Exit the tunnel at the 1.5-mile mark. From here, ascend the trail to the parking area at the 2.3-mile mark. It’s a little up, a little down to the West Trailhead.

The trail on the west side of the Claudius Crozet Blue Ridge Tunnel (another name for the tunnel) winds through mature forest and is steep in some sections.

From the West Trailhead in Waynesboro, re-trace your steps to the parking area for the East Trailhead in Afton. Your hike is complete at the 4.6-mile mark.

Wrap-Up Notes

From the East Trailhead parking area, this hike through the Blue Ridge Tunnel in Virginia took me 90 minutes to complete, including time reading up on its history.

I highly recommend starting from the East Trailhead in Afton (215 Afton Depot Lane). There is a lot of parking and the trail from the east is fully-accessible.

If you start from the West Trailhead in Waynesboro, the address is 483 Three Notched Mountain Highway. Get ready for a steep descent from the get-go.

There is a Blue Ridge Tunnel trail map on each of the large trailhead signs – East and West. There is also a mileage marker along the trail every .25-miles.

For more hikes, it’s an easy 30-minute drive to reach the Charlottesville hiking trails, including scenic trails at Ivy Creek Natural Area and Walnut Creek Park.